Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange

Size: tree, 20-40' average height and spread at maturity

Buds: terminal absent, laterals have 5 scales, located at base of thorn, small, roundish, brown, partially embedded in bark

Leaves: deciduous, alternate, 2-5" long, 1-2.5" wide, simple, ovate to oblong-lanceolate, tips acuminate, margins entire, bright shiny green changes to yellow in fall

Twigs: thorns present above leaf scar with bud at base, leaf scar semicircular

Flowers: dioecious, inconspicuous, females in dense founded head on short peduncle, males in roundish or elongated racemes

Fruit: large 4-6" yellow-green globes with milky sap, resemble bright green brains

Bark: orange-brown on old trunks, fisures and scaley ridges, orange wood