Zelkova serrata, Japanese Zelkova

Size: tree, 60-80' average height at maturity

Buds: conical, projecting at 45-degree angle from twig, many scales, individual scales are indistinct

Leaves: deciduous, alternate, 1.25-5" long, .75-2" wide, simple, ovate to oblong-ovate, acuminate or apiculate, sharply serrate, dark green, can be yellow, orange, brown, red, or red-purple in fall

Twigs: slender, somewhat zigzagging

Flowers: monoecious, inconspicuous clusters, bloom in April

Fruit: kidney-bean-shaped drupe, .25"

Bark: red-brown when young, later gray-brown, exfoliating