Tsuga caroliniana, Carolina Hemlock

Size: tree, 45-60' average height at maturity, 20-25' spread

Buds: ovoid to roundish, blunt apex, pubescent

Leaves: evergreen, spirally arranged, on some lateral twigs spreading radially instead of in 2 ranks, .25-.75" long, linear, flattened, margins entire, glossy green, 2 white stomatal bands below

Twigs: light orange to reddish brown, roughened by persistent leaf bases

Flowers: monoecious, inconspicuous

Fruit: cones 1-1.5" long, 1" wide

Bark: reddish brown, deeply fissured, scaly