Abies alba, Silver Fir

Tips for identifying firs: linear needles, flat in cross-section (in contrast to angular spruce), twigs smooth, leaf scars more or less circular, cones upright with scales that fall off at maturity

Size: tree, 100' average height at maturity

Buds: small, few scales, not resinous

Leaves: evergreen, spreading horizontally along branches, .5-1.25" long, .06-.08" wide, linear, tips rounded or blunt, notched, shiny dark green above, 2 white bands of stomata below

Twigs: gray-brown, pubescent when young

Flowers: monoecious, males in pendent catkins, females ovoid or oblong

Fruit: green cones maturing to brown, 4.5-6" long, 1.5-2" wide

Bark: grayish, smooth, scaly on old trees