Ilex opaca, American Holly

Size: tree, 40-50' average height at maturity, 18-40' spread

Buds: ovoid, imbricate, .13-.17" long, greenish brown

Leaves: evergreen, alternate, 1.5-3.5" long, 1-2.75" wide, simple, elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, with large teeth, dull or dark green above, yellowish green underside

Twigs: green when young, circular raised lenticels when older, solid watery-green pith

Flowers: dioecious, males in cymes, females solitary or in groups of 3

Fruit: dull red, rounded, .25"-.5" on .25" stalk, persisting into winter

Bark: brown, rough